Chaos theory emerged around the turn of the 20th century, and since then our science has gotten increasingly nonlinear, catching up with the arts. Now culture and politics, too, are played out on fields with unfathomably large numbers of variables, intertwined parts, where source and feedback are inextricable.
What, and how do we teach in the face of it all?
We must still start from basics of linearity, logic, cause-and-effect. New politics, new aesthetics, new logics quickly inform us that this is outdated. Tools such as entropy analysis, phenomenology, and lateral research are some of the sharpest blades we have to cut through the thicket.
A 21st education must therefore place them in a place of priority for the learner as alternatives to growth.